- (c. 1118–70)Saint, Martyr and Archbishop.Becket was born in London and educated at Merton Abbey and Paris. After legal training he was ordained Deacon. He came to the notice of King Henry II when he was in the household of Archbishop theobald. In 1155 he was appointed Chancellor of England, in which position he was a loyal and successful servant of the King. Expecting the same commitment from him, Henry secured his election as Archbishop of Canterbury. Instead, Becket resigned as Chancellor, adopted an austere way of life and dedicated himself to the Church. He opposed the King in his claims for the secular courts and insisted on the churchman’s right to appeal to Rome. In 1164 he was forced to flee to France and, although he was permitted to return to England in 1170, he promptly excommunicated several Bishops who had connived with the King. In fury, Henry demanded to be rid of ‘this turbulent priest’. Four knights took him at his word. They rode to Canterbury and murdered the Archbishop in his own cathedral. The whole Christian world was aghast. The King was forced to do public penance and Becket was canonised in 1173. Canterbury became a major centre of pilgrimage and Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales, describing one such journey, has become a classic of English literature.F. Barlow, Thomas Becket (1986);B. Smalley, The Becket Conflict and the Schools (1973).
Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Becket, Thomas — (Thomas à Becket) (1118–1170) Born in London in 1118 on the Feast of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Saint Thomas à Becket lived a dramatic life that continues to inspire Christians and artists even in the 21st century. His parents were Norman settlers … Encyclopedia of medieval literature
BECKET, Thomas — (1118 1170) English nobleman and friend of King Henry II. Appointed ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY in 1162 to help control the CHURCH OF ENGLAND. To the surprise of his contemporaries, Becket took his responsibilities seriously and upheld the rights … Concise dictionary of Religion
Becket, Thomas — ► (1118 70) Canciller de Inglaterra y arzobispo de Canterbury. Elegido primado de la Iglesia inglesa (1162), se enfrentó a Enrique II en defensa de las libertades de la Iglesia. Fue asesinado en su sede de Canterbury. Su figura ha sido fuente de… … Enciclopedia Universal
BECKET, THOMAS A — archbishop of Canterbury, born in London, of Norman parentage; studied at Oxford and Bologna; entered the Church; was made Lord Chancellor; had a large and splendid retinue, but on becoming archbishop, cast all pomp aside and became an ascetic … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Becket — Becket, Thomas … Enciclopedia Universal
Thomas Becket — – Fenster der Kathedrale in Canterbury Thomas Becket, auch bekannt als Thomas von Canterbury oder Thomas Beckett, (* 21. Dezember 1118 in London; † 29. Dezember 1170 in Canterbury) war englischer Lordkanzler und von 1162 bis 1170 Erzbischof von… … Deutsch Wikipedia
THOMAS BECKET — ou BECKETT saint (1117/18 1170) Né à Londres d’une famille d’origine normande, Thomas Becket étudie à Paris. Rentré en Angleterre, il devient clerc à Cantorbéry, jouissant de la confiance du vieil archevêque. Il se rend pour affaires à Rome et va … Encyclopédie Universelle
Thomas Becket School — may refer to one of the following schools named after St Thomas Becket:*Thomas Becket Catholic School, a secondary school in Northampton, Northamptonshire, United Kingdom. *Thomas A Becket Middle School, a middle school in Worthing, West Sussex.… … Wikipedia
Thomas I. — Thomas ist ein männlicher Vorname, der auch als Nachname eine nennenswerte Verbreitung hat. Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens Der Name stammt aus dem aramäischen te oma (תאומא) und bedeutet „Zwilling“. So wird er auch im Johannesevangelium… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Becket — Becket, Thomas a, s. Thomas a Becket … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon